رابطه سبک های همسرگزینی با کیفیت و پایداری ازدواج

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تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه انواع سبک‌های همسرگزینی و سازگاری زناشویی اجرا گردید.برای بررسی این مسئله‌ دو مطالعه جداگانه اما مرتبط با یکدیگر انجام شد.در مطالعه نخست رابطه سبک‌های همسرگزینی با سازگاری زناشویی در زنان‌ تهرانی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.این بررسی نشان داد که سبک‌های همسرگزینی‌”آشنایی قبلی و ازدواج با رضایت خانواده‌”و “خواستگاری و ازدواج با رضایت فرد و خانواده‌”سطح بالاتری از سازگاری زناشویی را در مقایسه با سبک‌های‌”خواستگاری و ازدواج اجباری‌”و”آشنایی قبلی با همسر و ازدواج اجباری‌”در پی دارد.بررسی تحولی سبک‌های ازدواج و سازگاری زناشویی‌ نشان داد که نمره سازگاری زنانی که از طریق‌”خواستگاری و ازدواج با رضایت خود و خانواده‌”و”آشنایی و ازدواج با موافقت‌ خانواده‌ها”ازدواج نموده‌اند،در سال‌های نخست ازدواج بالاتر از دو گروه ازدواج‌های اجباری است و با گذشت زمان نیز این‌ برتری به‌رغم نوساناتی که دارد همچنان حفظ می‌شود.این در حالی است که زنانی که سبک همسرگزینی خود را”شیفتگی و ازدواج علیرغم مخالفت خانواده‌ها”گزارش کرده‌اند،اگرچه در سال‌های نخست ازدواج خود رضایت زناشویی بالایی در حد دو گروه فوق نشان داده‌اند،ولی هرچه از سال‌های ازدواج آنها بیشتر می‌گذرد نمره سازگاری زناشویی آنها بیشتر افت می‌کند. در مطالعه دوم به بررسی این سؤال پرداخته شد که آیا سبک‌های همسرگزینی در میان زوجین متقاضی طلاق،زوجین در جستجوی زوج‌درمانی و زوجین راضی از زندگی خانوادگی خود متفاوت است؟بدین‌منظور 013 زوج،از شهرهای تهران، مشهد،اسفراین و سبزوار انتخاب و به پرسشنامه‌ای در خصوص سبک همسرگزینی پاسخ دادند.مقایسه داده‌ها در مطالعه دوم‌ نشان داد که سبک‌های مختلف همسرگزینی به‌طور معناداری در گروه‌های مختلف زوجین‌”راضی‌”،”ناراضی و در جستجوی‌ درمان‌”و”متقاضی طلاق‌”متفاوت می‌باشد:درحالی‌که بیش از%98 زوج‌های راضی از طریق یکی از دو سبک‌”خواستگاری‌ و ازدواج با رضایت خود و خانواده‌”و”آشنایی و ازدواج با موافقت خانواده‌ها”ازدواج نموده‌اند،بیش از%84 زوج‌های متقاضی‌ طلاق یکی از دو سبک‌”خواستگاری و ازدواج اجباری‌”و”شیفتگی و ازدواج علیرغم مخالفت خانواده‌ها”و بیش از%34 زوج‌های‌ در جستجوی درمان نیز یکی از دو سبک‌”ازدواج با انتخاب خود ولی برای فرار از خانه و”آشنایی و ازدواج اجباری‌”را به‌ عنوان سبک همسرگزینی خود گزارش نموده‌اند.

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